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Based on Merriam-Webster's Collegiate® Dictionary
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bacterium.noun, bacteria.plural
one celled micro organisms (very small organisms the tiniest weighing 10-12grams, each in effect being a tiny micro miniaturized factory containing thousands of exquisitely designed pieces of intricate molecular machinery, made up altogether of one hundred thousand million atoms) having no chlorophyl, and multiplying by simple division, but they really are only 'simple' when compared to the eukaryotes, as they are more complex with their nucleotides of DNA (prokaryotes). A bacterial chromosome (called a nucleoid) is a single, very long and circular piece of DNA on which lie all of the bacterium's essential genes
   A bacterium is 1/10,000 times the size of a mosquito.

bacteriophage.(T4 cell)
an eater of bacteria, often called 'cancer' cells - why?; a virus that infects and lyses certain bacteria; the prokaryotics.analogs to viruses; the microscopic agent that destroys bacteria in a living system; bacteriophages are bits of DNA wrapped in a protein coat
bacteriophagic.adjective
bacteriophagy.noun

bade or bid, bidden, bidding.verbs
transitive verb senses.beseech, entreat; to issue an order to; tell; to request to come; invite; to give expression to (bade a tearful farewell); offer to offer (a price) whether for payment or acceptance; to make a bid of or in (a suit at cards) 
intransitive verb senses.to make a bid 
synonym.command
bidder-noun

bane.noun
a source of harm or ruin; curse

baneful.adjective
productive of destruction or woe; seriously harmful (a baneful influence); injurious, adverse, damaging, bad
banefully.adverb

banter.noun
playful conversation
banter, bantered, bantering, banters-verbs
transitive verb use.to speak to in a playful or teasing way
intransitive verb use.to exchange mildly teasing remarks
banterer.noun
banteringly.adverb

bargain.noun
an agreement between parties fixing obligations that each promises to carry out; an agreement establishing the terms of a sale or exchange of goods or services (finally reached a bargain with the antique dealer over the lamp); property acquired or services rendered as a result of such an agreement; something offered or acquired at a price advantageous to the buyer
bargain, bargained, bargaining, bargains.intransitive verbs
to negotiate the terms of an agreement, as to sell or exchange; to engage in collective bargaining; to arrive at an agreement
transitive verbs.to exchange; trade: bargained my watch for a meal; bargain for or bargain on; to count on; expect (I never bargained for this tearing feeling inside me)
bargainer.noun

baryons.noun.(means heavy)
are a subclass of hadrons and comprise the nucleons (as do protons, neutrons, atomic-nuclei in general, and hyperons), and are heavy subatomic-particles made up of 3 quarks. They weigh as much as a proton. A baryon is a hadron with ½ integral spin. Baryons and mesons make up the hadrons.

battery.noun, plural.batteries
an army artillery unit, corresponding to a company in the infantry; an array of similar things intended for use together (took a battery of achievement tests); an emplacement for one or more pieces of artillery; a set of guns or other heavy artillery, on a warship, for example
Electricity two or more connected cells that produce a direct current by converting chemical energy to electrical energy; a single cell, such as a dry cell, that produces an electric current
Law the unlawful and unwanted touching or striking of one person by another, with the intention of bringing about a harmful or offensive contact; the act of beating or pounding 

bazaar also bazar.noun
a fair or sale at which miscellaneous articles are sold, often for charitable purposes; a market consisting of a street lined with shops and stalls, especially one in the Middle East; a shop or a part of a store in which miscellaneous articles are sold

Bible belt.noun
those sections of the United States, especially in the South and Middle West, where Protestantism is widely practiced
Bible belter.noun

beak.noun
a bird's bill (as the mouth part, or the spout of a pitcher)

bearing.noun
the manner in which one bears or comports oneself

bear, bore, borne.or.born, bearing, bears.verbs
transitive verb use.to hold up; support; to carry on one's person; convey; to carry in the mind; harbor (bear a grudge); to transmit at large; relate (bearing glad tidings); to have as a visible characteristic.(bore a scar on the left arm); to carry (oneself) in a specified way; conduct (she bore herself with dignity showing she had poise); to be accountable for; assume (bearing responsibilities); to have a tolerance for; endure (couldn't bear his incessant talking); to call for; warrant (this bears investigation); to give birth to; to produce; yield (plants bearing flowers); to offer; render.(I will bear witness to his fine character)
intransitive verb use.to yield fruit; produce (peach trees that bear every summer); to have relevance; apply: (they studied the ways in which the relativity theory bears on the history of science); to exert pressure, force, or influence; to endure something with tolerance and patience; (bear with me while I explain); to extend or proceed in a specified direction (the road bears to the right at the bottom of the hill
bear down.phrasal verb
to overwhelm; vanquish; to apply maximum effort and concentration (if you really bear down, you can finish the task
bear out.phrasal verb
to prove right or justified; confirm.(the test results bear out our claims)
bear up.phrasal verb
to withstand stress, difficulty, or attrition.(the patient bore up well during his recovery)
bear down on.idiom
to effect in a harmful or adverse way (financial pressures are bearing down on them)
bear fruit.idiom
to come to a satisfactory conclusion or to fruition
bear in mind.idiom
to hold in one's mind; remember (bear in mind that bridges freeze before roads)

Britain/Great Britain
Flag - Union Jackthe island of Great Britain during pre Roman, Roman and early Anglo Saxon times before the reign of Alfred the Great (871-899); name is derived from Brittania, which the Romans used for the portion of the island that they occupied; acts of union joined England with Wales in 1536, with Scotland in 1707 to create the political entity of Great Britain
compare England, United Kingdom
Great Britain/British Empire/United Kingdom
The Treaty of Union.(Act of Union) between England and Scotland signed on January 14, 1707 was the birth of Great Britain; at its height in the early 1900s, the British Empire included over 20 percent of the world's land area and more than 400 million people. Truly the Sun was always up on some part or the other of the great British Empire.
   The 1707 Act of Union created a single Parliament, provided for a single national administration and removed barriers to trade. England and Scotland however, continued to have certain separate traditions.
   The English Constitution was drafted by General Lambert, contains 42 sections and is dated December 18, 1653. 

befitting.adjective
proper or right; suitable

begrudge.transitive verb
to grumble at; to do with ill will or reluctance

behalf.noun
interest, support, or benefit
idioms..in behalf of; for the benefit of; in the interest of; on behalf of; as the agent of; on the part of; by his side

bauble.noun
a small, showy ornament of little value; a trinket; a mock scepter carried by a court jester

benchmark.noun
a standard by which something can be measured or judged; standard
benchmark, benchmarked, benchmarking, benchmarks.transitive verbs
to measure (a rival's product) according to specified standards in order to compare it with and improve one's own product

benighted.adjective
overtaken by night or darkness; being in a state of moral or intellectual darkness; unenlightened
benightedly.adverb
benightedness.noun

bereft.adjective
deprived of something; lacking something needed or expected; bereaved (the bereft friend of a loved dog)
bereft.verb.past tense and a past participle of bereave

bereave, bereaved or bereft, bereaving, bereaves.transitive verbs
to be left desolate or alone, especially by death (the man was in a state of bereavement after losing his life long loving female companion)
bereavement, bereaver.nouns

besmirch, besmirched, besmirching, besmirches.transitive verbs
to stain; sully.(a reputation that was besmirched by slander); to make dirty; soil
besmircher, besmirchment.nouns
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