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Based on Merriam-Webster's Collegiate® Dictionary
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passive
of, relating to, or being a verb form or voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject is the object of the action or the effect of the verb. For example, in the sentence 'They were impressed by his manner', were impressed is in the passive voice

plural--more than one

preposition.noun
a relation word that connects a noun, pronoun or noun phrase to another part of the sentence, such as in, as, for, with, to; means 'a putting before'; in some languages, a word placed before a substantive and indicating the relation of that substantive to a verb, an adjective, or another substantive, as English 'at', 'by', 'in', 'to', 'from', and 'with'; a word or construction similar in function to a preposition, such as in regard to or concerning

English syntax allows and sometimes requires final placement of the preposition. Such placement is the only possible one in sentences such as 'We have much to be thankful for' or 'That depends on what you believe in'. 

Efforts to rewrite such sentences to place the preposition elsewhere will have comically stilted results; for example: We have much for which to be thankful or That depends on that in which you believe.

Even sticklers for the traditional rule (a preposition may not be used to end a sentence) can have no grounds for criticizing sentences such as 'I don't know where she will end up' or 'It's the most curious book I've ever run across'. In these examples, up and across are used as adverbs, not prepositions, as demonstrated by the ungrammaticality of sentences such as 'I don't know up where she will end' and 'It's the most curious book across which I have ever run'.

pron..abbreviation.for pronominal, pronoun, pronounced, and.pronunciation

pronominal.adjective abbreviations.pron., pronom
Grammar of, relating to, or functioning as a pronoun; resembling a pronoun, as by specifying a person, place, or thing, while functioning primarily as another part of speech ('his' in his choice is a pronominal adjective)
pronominally.adverb

pronoun.noun.abbreviations.pron., pr. one of a class of words that function as substitutes for nouns or noun phrases and designate persons or things asked for, previously specified, or understood from the context.(for example, your name is a pronoun)

clause--a group of words containing a subject and a predicate and forming part of a compound or complex sentence; a distinct article, stipulation, or provision in a document
clausal.adjective

substantive-.adjective designates a noun or noun equivalent; a word or group of words functioning as a noun; means 'self sufficient', 'independent', 'from'

synonym a word having the same or nearly the same meaning in one or more senses as another in the same language, such as admonish and reprove
synonymous.adjective
having the same or a similar meaning (synonymous words); equivalent in connotation.(a widespread impression that Hollywood is synonymous with interesting productions)
synonymously.adverb

tense
any one of the inflected forms in the conjugation of a verb that indicates the time, such as past, present, or future, as well as the continuance or completion of the action or state; a set of tense forms indicating a particular time (the future tense)

verb--words which express action, existence or occurrence, such as, take, be, appear

indicative mood--of, relating to, or being the mood of the verb used in ordinary objective statements use...

subjunctive mood--of, relating to, or being a mood of a verb used in some languages for contingent or hypothetical action, action viewed subjectively, or grammatically subordinate statements----use...

imperative mood--of, relating to, or constituting the mood that expresses a command or request use...

intransitive verb--not transitive, that is, not used with an object to complete its meaning (He gave assent to the budget) 
intransitive, intransitiveness.nouns
intransitively.adverb

transitive verb--taking a direct object to complete its meaning (the boss will admonish some workers tomorrow)
transitively.adverb
transitiveness.or.transitivity.noun

auxiliary verb- a verb, such as have, can, or will, that accompanies the main verb in a clause and helps to make distinctions in mood, voice, aspect, and tense

voice
a property of verbs or a set of verb inflections indicating the relation between the subject and the action expressed by the verb ('birds build nests' uses the active voice; 'nests built by birds' uses the passive voice

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